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Revision Date Username Comment
314 Dec 2006 - 09:10heidi 
205 Nov 2006 - 10:49heidi 
110 Oct 2006 - 20:44esch0002 

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You are here: UMWiki>EdPA Web>PolicyModels (14 Dec 2006, heidi)

Policy Models

(Step-by-step guides or models & frameworks to judge adequacy of investigation)

Since many policy models / frameworks tend to be attributed to the person(s) who created them, they are listed here by title with the person's name when applicable. The models here are guides of what to look at when considering policy implications or formation. For theories as guides, see the theoretical frameworks (TheoryFrame).

General overviews

A

B

Bardach's Eightfold Path

  • (1) Policy framework name(s): Eightfold Path / Bardach's Eightfold Path
  • (2) Basic concepts: 1. Define the Problem 2. Assemble Some Evidence 3. Construct the Alternatives 4. Select the Criteria 5. Project the Outcomes 6. Confront the Trade-offs 7. Decide! 8. Tell Your Story. (A possible ninth-step, "Repeat Steps 1 - 8 as Necessary" according to Bardach.)
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry: Policy analysis
  • (4) When it emerged: mid-1990s (and earlier)
  • (5) Key thinkers: Eugene Bardach
  • (6) Citations of key literature: Bardach, Eugene. (2005). A practical guide for policy analysis: The eightfold path to more effective problem solving. 2nd edition. New York: Chatham House Publishers
  • (7) Theoretical underpinnings: rational theory
  • (8) Online links:

C

D

Dunn Public Policy Analysis

  • (1) Policy framework name(s):
  • (2) Basic concepts:
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry:
  • (4) When it emerged:
  • (5) Key thinkers:
  • (6) Citations of key literature:

E

Easton's Systems Framework

  • (1) Policy framework name(s): Easton's System Framework / Easton's System Analysis Framework / Easton's System Analysis
  • (2) Basic concepts: Environmental inputs ~> Political system ~> Policy Conversion ~> Outputs (and back to environmental inputs).
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry:
  • (4) When it emerged: 1965
  • (5) Key thinkers: David Easton http://www.faculty.uci.edu/profile.cfm?faculty_id=2547
  • (6) Citations of key literature: Easton, D. (1965) A Framework for Political Analysis, Prentice-Hall.
  • (7) Online link(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_theory_in_political_science

F

Frank-Paige Model of Theoretical Adequacy

  • (1) Policy framework name(s):
  • (2) Basic concepts:
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry:
  • (4) When it emerged:
  • (5) Key thinkers:
  • (6) Citations of key literature:

Fullan Model of Educational Change

  • (1) Policy framework name(s): Fullan Model of Educational Change, Fullan & Stieglebauer Model, The Change Agent
  • (2) Basic concepts: Three broad phases in the change process: (1) initiation / mobilization / adoption (up to decision phase) (2) implementation / initial use (3) continuation / incorporation / routinization / institutionalization.
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry: Education
  • (4) When it emerged:
  • (5) Key thinkers: Michael Fullan
  • (6) Citations of key literature: Fullan, M. (2001). The New Meaning of Educational Change (Third ed.). New York: Teachers College Press.

G

H

I

J

K

Kingdon's Multiple Streams Model

  • (1) Policy framework name(s): Multiple Streams Model
  • (2) Basic concepts: problem, policy and a political stream interact toward policy prominence. The problem stream focuses on problem recognition. "Garbage can model": when "solutions search for problems" (Kingdon, 1995 p. 86). The policy stream focuses on competing forces. The political stream focuses on the mood or environment of the political context. Used to understand government processes of decision making.
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry: public policy
  • (4) When it emerged: 1980s
  • (5) Key thinkers: John W. Kingdon
  • (6) Citations of key literature: Kingdon, J. W. (1995). Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies (Second ed.): HarperCollins? College Publishers.

L

M

N

O

P

Patton & Sawicki Policy Analysis and Planning Model

  • (1) Policy framework name(s):
  • (2) Basic concepts:
  • (3) Most common field(s) of use and inquiry:
  • (4) When it emerged: 1993
  • (5) Key thinkers:
  • (6) Citations of key literature: Patton, C. & Sawicki, D. (1993). Basic Methods of Policy Analysis and Planning

Projection Strategies

  • Break-even estimates
  • Magnitude estimates (projecting the size of the outcome)
  • Sensitivity analysis (of an assumption)

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Topic revision: r3 - 14 Dec 2006 - 09:10:18 - heidi
 
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